Type 1 Diabetes: What it is and How to Manage it?

OKRA News #04

By Diane Hwang

Diabetes is something that affects a lot of people, but there are prevention methods that will decrease your chances of developing it.

Below is our guide to type 1 diabetes and tips on how to manage it properly.

What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes happens when the insulin-making cells are destroyed by your immune system in your pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is usually detected when you are at a younger age, rather than type 2 diabetes which can develop as you age. With type 2 diabetes, your body simply just stops responding to insulin the way that it normally should. Text

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

While a lot of these things seem subtle, they can get worse with time. Here are the signs of diabetes:

  • Potent thirstiness
  • Hunger
  • Feeling the need to vomit
  • Feeling a dry mouth
  • Urge to urinate
  • Tiredness
  • Blurred vision

Some emergency signs of diabetes include:

  • Confusion and shaking
  • Harsh breathing
  • Stomach pain

Causes Of Type 1 Diabetes

Insulin is a very important part of your body because it helps move a bunch of nutrients to your body’s tissues. From there, your cells use that as energy to keep moving. All of this will start an unhealthy process that ultimately leads to your blood sugar becoming extremely high and when your blood sugar gets to those levels, you can experience:

  • Dehydration
  • Severe weight loss
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Other damages to the body


The first thing that will be checked during your diagnosis is your blood sugar levels as that is the main indicator of type 1 diabetes. They also may take a urine sample from you to see what chemicals are present when insulin is not. Unfortunately, there is no way to avoid type 1 diabetes completely, but by knowing the risks and your genetic history you can take steps to keep yourself healthy.


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