Continuous glucose monitoring, or CGM in short, is a technology used to help people with diabetes manage their disease. This technology involves using a small sensor worn on the body and continuously monitors blood sugar levels. The data collected by the sensor can be used to adjust insulin doses or food intake and maintain the blood sugar levels within target ranges.
How do Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems Work?
While traditional glucose monitoring systems require periodic blood samples, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems provide a comprehensive view of a patient's blood sugar levels. CGMs consist of a tiny sensor inserted under the skin, usually on the stomach or upper arm. The sensor continuously measures the level of glucose in the interstitial fluid, which is the fluid that surrounds tissues.
The sensor communicates directly to a transmitter that sends the data to a receiver, which can be hanged on your belt or carried in your pocket. The receiver displays the glucose readings and can also generate alarms to alert the user when their blood sugar levels are out of the desired range. While CGMs require some initial calibration, they provide a much more detailed picture of a patient's blood sugar levels and can be a valuable tool for managing diabetes.
What is the Benefit of Continuous Glucose Monitoring?
There are many potential benefits of continuous glucose monitoring, including improved glycemic control, reduced hypoglycemia risk, and increased convenience. In addition, continuous glucose monitoring can provide real-time feedback on how lifestyle choices affect blood sugar levels.
For instance, if you drink too much coffee, you might find higher blood sugar levels than usual. Or, if you eat a high-carb meal, you might see a spike in your blood sugar levels.
This allows people with diabetes to make more informed decisions about their health and wellbeing. Ultimately, continuous glucose monitoring has the potential to improve the quality of life for people with diabetes.
Who should Use Continuous Glucose Monitoring?
CGMs are helpful for people with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes. They can also be used by people at risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). It can help detect early signs of DKA and prevent it from occurring. CGM can also help you better manage diabetes by providing real-time data that you can use to adjust your diet and activity levels. If you think CGM might be right for you, talk to your doctor about whether it is a good option.
Why do Diabetics people need to Track Blood Sugar Levels?
Diabetic people are advised to track their blood sugar levels for these reasons. First, it helps them to see how well their diabetes is controlled. Second, it allows them to spot patterns in their blood sugar levels, which can help them adjust their diet or insulin regimen accordingly.
Third, it allows them to catch high or low blood sugar levels early before they become dangerous. Lastly, it gives people with diabetes a sense of empowerment and control over their disease. Tracking blood sugar levels can be done using a simple finger-stick test, which only takes a few seconds. However, the benefits of tracking blood sugar levels are significant and can make a big difference in the lives of people with diabetes.
Generally, a glucose control solution is used in the completion of a quality check on the blood glucose monitoring system. Additionally, it also helps in the determination of whether your test strips or your meter are functioning correctly and properly.
The glucose control solution comprises glucose, microbicides, buffers and water. These are ingredients that are essential to the creation of the solution with corresponding properties such as preventing micro bacteria growth which could affect the glucose concentration levels, having a pH level that is similar to that of human blood in physiological value, and having a glucose concentration which can be used to test the meter or test strip’s functionality.
Similar to how the blood glucose monitoring system can detect the glucose concentration present in the blood, it can also pick out the glucose amount present within the control solution. The glucose control solution should provide a numerical value reading on your meter, and these values must be between the stated target range printed on the vial of the test strip. The values should be based on the glucose concentration in the control solution.
More often than not, manufacturers offer a few options of control solutions that are suitable for every brand of test strips, ranging from level one to four for instance. These levels correspond to the different glucose concentrations available. The test strip vial will generally display the target range for every level. Just be sure to correctly identify the right range for your control solution.
The blood glucose control solution is essentially a liquid that consists of glucose, water, microbicides and buffers. The solution contains these ingredients to carry out a number of functions, including the prevention of micro bacteria growth that could alter glucose concentration levels, having a pH level that is closer in physiological value to human blood, and having a glucose concentration that can be utilized in test strips or for testing the meter’s functionality.
Similar to how the blood glucose monitoring system can detect the glucose level that is present in the blood, the blood glucose control solution can also detect the glucose level present. The reading of the blood glucose control solution should appear as a numerical value on your meter and fall within the specified target range on the vial of the test strip. These values are based on the glucose concentration that is found in the blood glucose control solution. Usually, manufacturers have a number of options to cater to the different compatibilities of the test strips, ranging from level one to four for instance. These levels typically indicate a low, normal or high concentration of glucose in the control solution. The test strip vial will also display the targeted range for every level of the control solution.
In addition, the blood glucose control solution can be used to perform a quality check for your blood glucose monitoring system, by helping you determine your test strips and meter’s proper functionality.